SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - THE MESSIAH 1
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S DEATH
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - ANNUNICATION 1
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - ZEACHARIAH PREIST
LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
AUG 1 , 2008
RE: Zechariah (priest)
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For other persons of the same name, see Zechariah.
of the Angel to Zechariah by Domenico Ghirlandaio (1490, fresco in the Tornabuoni Chapel, Florence).
PAINTED BY LEONARD
In the Bible, Zechariah (Ζαχαρίας in Greek, Zacharias in KJV, and
Zachary in the Douay-Rheims Bible), was the father of John the Baptist, and a relative by marriage of Jesus.
According to the Gospel of Luke, Zechariah was a Jewish Priest and Pharisee of the line of Abijah, during the
reign of King Herod the Great, and husband of Elizabeth, a woman from the priestly family of Aaron. The parentage of John
the Baptist is not recorded in the other Gospels. The evangelist states that both the parents were righteous before God, since
they were blameless in observing the commandments and ordinances of the Lord. When the events related in Luke commenced, their
marriage was still childless, because Elizabeth was barren and, like her husband, was advanced in years (Luke 1:5-7).
duties at the temple in Jerusalem alternated between each of the families that had descended from those appointed by King
David (1 Chronicles 23:1-19). The offering of incense was one of the most solemn parts of the daily worship, and owing to
the large number of eligible priests, no priest could hope to perform the task more than once during his lifetime. Luke states
that during the week when it was the duty of his family to serve at the temple in Jerusalem, the lot for performing the incense
offering had fallen to Zechariah.
Russian icon of the "Annunciation to Zechariah".
The Gospel of Luke states
that while Zechariah ministered at the golden altar of incense, an angel of God announced to him that his wife would give
birth to a son, whom he was to name John, and that this son would be the forerunner of the
long-expected Messiah (Luke 1:12-17). Citing their advanced age, Zechariah asked with disbelief for a sign whereby
he would know the truth of this prophecy. In reply, the angel identified himself as the Archangel Gabriel,
***NOTES FROM SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - THE ANGEL GABRIEL WAS JFK,JR HER HUSBAND
sent especially by God to make this announcement, and added that because of
Zechariah's doubt he would be struck dumb and not able to speak until the day that these things happen.
***NOTES FROM SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - THIS IS WHY THE MESSIAH I AM PRESENTING WAS NEVER
ANNOUNCED BECAUSE OF BESSETTE SHE MADE EVERYONE THIS LIFE TIME NOT SPEAK OF THE NEW MESSIAH TOO
Consequently, when Zechariah went out to the waiting worshippers in the temple's
outer courts, he was unable to pronounce the customary blessing (Luke 1:18-22).
On his return home Elizabeth duly
conceived. During Elizabeth's pregnancy, her cousin Mary was visited by the angel Gabriel, overshadowed by the Holy Spirit
and -- though still a virgin -- became pregnant with Jesus. Mary then travelled to visit her cousin Elizabeth to share the
good news of Mary's expected child and discovers that her much-older cousin is also expecting the birth of a son who would
become John the Baptist
Eight days after Elizabeth gave birth, when their son was to be circumcised
according to Jewish tradition, their family members and neighbours assumed that he was to be named after his father, as was
the custom. Elizabeth, however, insisted that his name was to be John, and so the family then questioned her husband. As soon
as Zechariah had written on a writing tablet: His name is John, he regained the power of speech, and praised God with a prophecy
known as the Benedictus (Luke 1:57-79). The child grew up and became strong in spirit, but remained in the desert of Judaea
(Luke 3:2-3, cf. Matthew 3:1) until he assumed his ministry (Luke 1:80) that was to earn him the name John the Baptist (sometimes
Other Christian traditions
Origen suggested that the Zechariah mentioned in Matthew
23:35 as having been killed between the temple and the altar may be the father of John the Baptist. Apocryphal Christian
tradition recounts that, at the time of the massacre of the Innocents, when King Herod ordered the slaughter of all males
under the age of two in an attempt to prevent the prophesied Messiah from coming to Israel, Zechariah refused to divulge the
whereabouts of his son (who was in hiding), and he was therefore murdered by Herod's soldiers. This is also recorded in the
Infancy Gospel of James, an apocryphal work from the second century. Since Mary was a relative of Elizabeth, Zechariah might
have lived in the same area where Mary's family originated from.
The Roman Catholic Church commemorates him as a saint,
along with St. Elizabeth, on 23 September. He is also venerated as a prophet in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran
Church on September 5. The Eastern Orthodox Church also celebrates the feast day of Zechariah on September 5, together with
his wife Elizabeth, who is considered a matriarch. Zechariah and Elizabeth are invoked in several prayers during the Orthodox
Mystery of Crowning (Sacrament of Marriage), as the priest blesses the newly-married couple, saying "Thou who didst ... accept
Zechariah and Elizabeth, and didst make their offspring the Forerunner..." and "...bless them, O Lord our God, as Thou didst
Zechariah and Elizabeth...". On the Greek Orthodox calendar, Zachariah and Elizabeth are also commemorated on 24 June.
Main article: Islamic view of Zechariah
Islam also believes in the historical existence of Zechariah as the
father of John the Baptist, and Muslims regard him as one of the Prophets of Islam. In Islam his name is commonly spelled
Zakariya, from the Arabic زكريا.
Prophet Zachariah the father
of St John the Baptist Orthodox icon and synaxarion
This article incorporates text from the public domain Easton's Bible
Dictionary, originally published in 1897.
Life of Jesus: Conception of Jesus
the Second Temple
into Herod's Temple begins New Testament
Events Followed by
motherhood to Jesus
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - LADY DAY
LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY_____________________
SEPTEMBER 11, 2006
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
DATE OF CONCEPTION 3-25-1979
Fra Angelico, AnnunciationIn the Christian calendar, Lady Day is
the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March) and the first of the four traditional Irish and English quarter days.
England, Lady Day was New Year's Day up to 1752 when, following the move from the
Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar, 1 January became the start of the year. A vestige of this remains in the United
Kingdom's tax year, which starts on 6 April,
*****NOTE FROM SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - APR 6 - 1999 BESSETTE
BECAME PREGANT WITH MY 1ST MESSIAH CHILD THAT I MISCARRIED AND USED MY MAGICAL UTUERTUS TO TRY AND HAVE ANOTHER MESSIAH IN
2000 AND THIS WHY THE SCKOLNICK REPORT SAID IN THIRD TRIMSTER
SHE CAN'T READ SO GOOD IT WAS MAR 25 NOT APR 6
TO BECOME THE MADONNA THIS IS THE ILLUMINATI AND EVERY DIRTY TRICK AND EVERY BIT OF MAGIC WAS USED BUT I STILL
MADE BEING THE MADONNA FOR THE 18TH TIME
i.e. Lady Day adjusted for the lost days of the calendar change.
of using Lady Day as the start of the year is that it reckons years A.D. from the moment of the Incarnation,
which is considered to take place at the moment of the conception of Jesus at the Annunciation rather than at the moment of
his birth at Christmas. See also New Year.
****NOTES FROM SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - ALL MY GRID BACK UPS ARE JESUS CHRISTS
Lady Day was also a nickname of the
singer Billie Holiday.
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD 12
Herod the Great
Copper coin of Herod, bearing the legend "Basileus Herodon" on the obverse and a Macedonian sun-symbol on the reverse.
Herod the Great was born around 73 BC. He was the second son of Antipater
the Idumaean, a high-ranked official under Ethnarch Hyrcanus
II, and Cypros, a Nabatean. A loyal supporter of Hyrcanus II, Antipater appointed Herod governor of Galilee at 25, and his older brother, Phasael, governor of Jerusalem. He enjoyed the backing of Rome but his excessive brutality was condemned
by the Sanhedrin.
In 43 BC, following the chaos caused by Antipater offering financial support to Caesar's murderers,
Antipater was poisoned. Herod, backed by the Roman Army, executed his father's murderer. Afterwards, Antigonus, Hyrcanus' nephew, tried to take the throne from his uncle. Herod defeated him and then married
his teenage niece, Mariamne (known as Mariamne I), which helped to secure him a claim to the throne and gain some Jewish favor.
However, Herod already had a wife, Doris, and a three-year-old son, Antipater
III, and chose to banish Doris and her child.
In 42 BC, he convinced Mark
Antony and Octavian that his father had been forced to help Caesar's murderers. Herod was then named tetrarch of Galilee by the Romans. However, many of the Jews were very upset by this since most Jews did
not consider Herod to be a true Jew. The Idumaean family, successors to the Edomites of the Hebrew
Bible, settled in Idumea, formerly known as Edom, in southern Judea. When the Maccabean John
Hyrcanus conquered Idumea in 140–130 BC, he required all Idumaeans to obey Jewish law or to leave;
most Idumaeans thus converted to Judaism. While King Herod publicly identified himself as a Jew and was considered as such by some, this religious identification notwithstanding was undermined by the Hellenistic cultural affinity of the Herodians, which would have earned them the antipathy of observant Jews.
In 40 BC Antigonus tried to take the throne again with the help of the Parthians, this time succeeding. Herod fled to Rome to plead with the Romans to restore him to power. There
he was elected "King
of the Jews" by the Roman
Senate. In 37 BC the Romans fully secured Judea and executed Antigonus. Herod took the role as sole ruler of Judea and took
the title of basileus (Gr. Βασιλευς) for himself, ushering in the Herodian
Dynasty and ending the Hasmonean
Dynasty. He ruled for 34 years.
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was the expansion of the Second
Temple in Jerusalem.
In the eighteenth year of his reign (20–19 BC), Herod rebuilt the Temple on "a
more magnificent scale". The new Temple was finished in a year and a half, although work on out-buildings and courts continued another eighty
years. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters in the rebuilding. The finished temple, which was destroyed in 70 AD, is sometimes referred to as Herod's
Temple. The Wailing Wall or Western Wall which now stands in Jerusalem is the wall which Herod
built around the west side of the courtyard surrounding the Temple.
Some of Herod's other achievements include the development of water supplies for Jerusalem,
building fortresses such as Masada and Herodium, and founding new cities such as Caesarea
Maritima. He and Cleopatra owned a monopoly over the extraction of asphalt from the Dead Sea, which was used in ship
building. He leased copper mines on Cyprus from the Roman emperor.
Discovery of quarry
25, 2007, Yuval Baruch, archaeologist with the Israeli
Antiquities Authority announced their discovery of a quarry compound which provided King Herod with the stones to renovate the second
Temple. It houses the Temple
Mount. Coins, pottery and iron stake found proved the date of the quarrying to be about
19 BC. Archaeologist Ehud Netzer confirmed that the large outlines of the stone cuts is evidence that it was a massive public
project worked on by hundreds of slaves.
New Testament references
Herod the Great appears in The Gospel
according to Matthew (Ch. 2), which describes an event known as the Massacre
of the Innocents.
According to Matthew's gospel, shortly after the birth of Jesus, Magi from the East visited Herod to inquire the whereabouts of "the one having been born king
of the Jews", because they had seen his star in the east and therefore wanted to pay him homage. Herod, who was himself King
of Judea, was alarmed at the prospect of the newborn king usurping his rule.
In the story, Herod was advised by the assembled chief priests and scribes of the people
that the Prophet had written that the "Anointed One" (Greek: ho christos) was to be born in Bethlehem
of Judea. Herod therefore sent the Magi to Bethlehem, instructing them to search for the child
and, after they had found him, to "report to me, so that I too may go and worship him". However, after they had found Jesus,
the Magi were warned in a dream not to report back to Herod. Similarly, Joseph was warned in a dream that Herod intended to kill Jesus, so he and his family fled to
Egypt. When Herod realized he had been outwitted by the Magi, he gave orders to kill all boys of the age of two and under
in Bethlehem and its vicinity. Joseph and his family stayed in Egypt until Herod's death, then moved to Nazareth in Galilee in order to avoid living under Herod's son Archelaus
accuracy of this event has been questioned, since although Herod was certainly guilty of
many brutal acts, including the killing of his wife and two of his sons, no other source from the period makes any reference
to such a massacre.
Coin of Herod the Great, bearing a temple and star of david
The scholarly consensus, based on Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews is that Herod died at the end of March or early April in 4 BC. Josephus wrote that Herod died 37 years after being named
as King by the Romans, and 34 years after the death of Antigonus. This would imply that he died in 4 BC. This is confirmed by the fact that his three sons, between whom his kingdom
was divided, dated their rule from 4 BC. For instance, he states that Herod
Philip II's death took place after a 37-year reign in the 20th year of Tiberius, which would imply that he took over on Herod's death in 4 BC. In addition, Josephus wrote that Herod died after a lunar
eclipse, and a partial eclipse took place in 4 BC. It has been suggested that 5 BC might be a more likely date — there were two total eclipses in that year. However, the 4 B.C. date is almost universally accepted.
Josephus wrote that Herod's final illness was excruciating (Ant.
17.6.5). From Josephus' descriptions, some medical experts propose that Herod had chronic kidney disease complicated by Fournier's
gangrene. Modern scholars agree he suffered throughout his lifetime from depression and paranoia.
After Herod's death, his kingdom was divided among three of his sons, namely Herod
Antipas, and Herod
Philip II, who ruled as tetrarchs rather than kings.
Aerial photo of Herodium from the southwest
The location of Herod's tomb is documented by Roman historian Flavius
Josephus, who writes, "And the body was carried two hundred furlongs, to Herodium, where
he had given order to be buried."
Flavius Josephus provides more clues about Herod's tomb which he calls Herod's monuments:
So they threw down all the hedges and walls which the inhabitants had made about
their gardens and groves of trees, and cut down all the fruit trees that lay between them and the wall of the city, and filled
up all the hollow places and the chasms, and demolished the rocky precipices with iron instruments; and thereby made all the
place level from Scopus to Herod's monuments, which adjoined to the pool called the Serpent's Pool.
Netzer, an archaeologist from Hebrew
University, read the writings of Josephus and focused his search on the vicinity of the pool and
its surroundings at the Winter Palace of Herod in the Judean desert. An article of the New York Times states,
Lower Herodium consists of the remains of a large palace, a race track, service
quarters, and a monumental building whose function is still a mystery. Perhaps, says Ehud Netzer, who excavated the site,
it is Herod's mausoleum. Next to it is a pool, almost twice as large as modern Olympic-size pools.
It took 35 years for Netzer to identify the exact location, but on May
7, 2007, an Israeli team of archaeologists of the Hebrew
University led by Netzer, announced they had discovered the tomb. The site is located at the exact location given by Flavius Josephus, atop of tunnels and water pools, at a flattened
desert site, halfway up the hill to Herodium, 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) south of Jerusalem.
The taking of Jerusalem by Herod the Great, 36 BC, by Jean
Fouquet, late 15th century.
- 35 BC — Aristobulus III of Judea is drowned at a party, on Herod's orders.
- 32 BC — The war against Nabatea begins, with victory one year later.
- 30 BC — Herod is shown great favour by Octavian, who at Rhodes confirms him as King of Judaea.
- 29 BC — Josephus writes that Herod had great passion and also great jealousy concerning his wife, Mariamne
I. She learns of Herod's plans to murder her, and stops sleeping with him. Herod puts her
on trial on a charge of adultery. His sister, Salome
I, was chief witness against her. Mariamne I's mother Alexandra made an appearance and incriminated
her own daughter. Historians say her mother was next on Herod's list to be executed and did this only to save her own life.
Mariamne was executed, and Alexandra declared herself Queen, stating that Herod was mentally unfit to serve. Josephus wrote
that this was Alexandra's strategic mistake; Herod executed her without trial.
- 28 BC — Herod executed his brother-in-law Kostobar (husband of Salome, father to Berenice) for conspiracy. Large festival in Jerusalem, as Herod had built a Theatre and an Amphitheatre.
- 27 BC — An assassination attempt on Herod was foiled. To honor Augustus, Herod
rebuilt Samaria and renamed it Sebaste.
- 25 BC — Herod imported grain from Egypt and started an aid program to combat the widespread hunger and disease that followed a
massive drought. He also waives a third of the taxes.
- 23 BC — Herod built a palace in Jerusalem and the fortress Herodion (Herodium)
in Judea. He married his third wife, Mariamne
II, the daughter of high priest Simon.
- 22 BC — Herod began construction on Caesarea
Maritima and its harbor. The Roman emperor Augustus grants him the regions Trachonitis, Batanaea
and Auranitis to the north-east of Judea.
- Circa 18 BC — Herod traveled for the second time to Rome.
- 14 BC — Herod supported the Jews in Anatolia and Cyrene. Owing to the prosperity in Judaea he waived a quarter of the taxes.
- 13 BC — Herod made his first-born son Antipater (his son by Doris) first heir
in his will.
- 12 BC — Herod suspected both his sons (from his marriage to Mariamne I) Alexander
and Aristobulus of threatening his life. He took them to Aquileia to be tried. Augustus reconciled the three. Herod supported the financially strapped Olympic
Games and ensured their future. Herod amended his will so that Alexander and Aristobulus rose
in the royal succession, but Antipater would be higher in the succession.
- Circa 10 BC — The newly expanded temple in Jerusalem was inaugurated. War against
the Nabateans began.
- 9 BC — Caesarea Maritima was inaugurated. Owing to the course of the war against
the Nabateans, Herod fell into disgrace with Augustus. Herod again suspected Alexander of plotting to kill him.
- 8 BC — Herod accused his sons by Mariamne I of high
treason. Herod reconciled with Augustus, which also gave him the permission to proceed legally
against his sons.
- 7 BC — The court hearing took place in Berytos (Beirut) before a Roman court. Mariamne I's sons were found guilty and executed. The succession
changed so that Antipater was the exclusive successor to the throne. In second place the succession incorporated (Herod) Philip,
his son by Mariamne II.
- 6 BC — Herod proceeded against the Pharisees.
- 5 BC — Antipater was brought before the court charged with the intended murder
of Herod. Herod, by now seriously ill, named his son (Herod) Antipas (from his fourth marriage with Malthace) as his successor.
- 4 BC — Young disciples smashed the golden eagle over the main entrance of the
Temple of Jerusalem after the Pharisee teachers claimed it was an idolatrous Roman symbol. Herod arrested them, brought them
to court, and sentenced them. Augustus approved the death
penalty for Antipater. Herod then executed his son, and again changed his will: Archelaus (from the marriage with Malthace) would rule as king over Herod's entire kingdom, while
Antipas (by Malthace) and Philip (from the fifth marriage with Cleopatra of Jerusalem) would rule as Tetrarchs over Galilee and Peraea (Transjordan), also over Gaulanitis (Golan), Trachonitis (Hebrew: Argob), Batanaea (now Ard-el-Bathanyeh) and Panias. As Augustus did not confirm his will, no one got the title of King; however, the three
sons did get the stated territories.
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S DEATH
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 9
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 7
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 10
Marriages and children
It is very probable that Herod had more children, especially with the last wives, and also that he
had more daughters, as female births at that time were often not recorded.
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 8
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 11
||The factual accuracy of this article is disputed.|
Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. (March 2008)
Marriages and descendants
the Great + Doris
JFKJR | CAROLINE E. MACDONALD VANDERMEER
d. 4 BC?
MARC VANDERMEER KENNEDY, JR.
the Great + Mariamne I, d. 29 BC?, dt. of Alexandros.
JFK,JR CAROLYN BESSETTE
| | | |
x Aristobulus x Alexander Salampsio + Phasael Cypros
d. 7 BC? d. 7 BC? | m. Antipater(2)
m. Berenice Cypros
| | |
Mariamne III Herod III Herodias Herod Agrippa Aristobulus V
m. her uncle King of Chalcis + King of Judea
Archelaus ? m. 1. Herod II Boethus
2. Herod Philip I
3. Herod Antipas
the Great + Mariamne II, dt. of Simon the High-Priest
Herod II Herod Philip I
the Great + Malthace (a Samaritan)
JFK,JR | LISA GONZALES
| | |
Herod Antipas Archelaus Olympias
b. 20 BC?
GRANDDAUGTHER OF LISA GONZALES JARIN
+ Phasaelis, DAMEN'S DAUGTHER
dt. of Aretas IV, king of Arabia
"divorced" to marry:
dt. of Aristobulus (son of Herod the Great)
the Great + Cleopatra of Jerusalem
JFK,JR | LISA TOMAS - EXGIRLFRIEND OF JOHAN
VANDERMEER KENNEDY, JR
Philip the Tetrarch
d. AD 34
- Antipater(2) was the son of Joseph and Salome
- Dates with ? need verifying against modern findings
Antipater the Idumaean + Cypros, Arab princess from Petra, Jordan in Nabatea.
| | | | |
Phasael Herod the Great Joseph Pheroras Salome I
|Sign & Meaning|
|+ = married|
|| = descended from|
|../——— = sibling|
|dt. = daughter|
|b. = born|
|d. = died|
|m. = was married to|
| ? = not included here or unknown|
JFK,JR. | CAROLINE E. KENNEDY
Aristobulus III of Judea Mariamne, dt.
(d. 35 BC) m. Herod the Great
(last Hasmonean scion;
appointed high priest; drowned)
old 15 years old
XCLAYTON ALEXANDER MCRORY KENNEDY AVA
LEAH MCRORY KENNEDY
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 5
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - HEROD'S 6
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