THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA'S OF WISDOMS
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - JACKIE KENNEDY 3
LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY_________________________
FEB 8, 2007
RE: JACKIE KENNEDY 03 - POEM REMEMBERED BY CAROLINE
McLean is for me
McLean is for me
McLean is for me
When I marry John Kennedy
When I marry
When I marry John Kennedy
And we have a baby
And we have a baby
And we have a baby
he'll ride a pony call Macaroni
And he'll ride a pony call Macaroni
And he'll ride a pony call Macaroni
Bingo was his name O
And Bingo was his name O
And Bibgo was his name O
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - JACQUELINE B. KENNEDY
LIBRARY OF SOPHIA OF WISDOM III
THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA OF WISDOMS
CAROLINE E. KENNEDY
JUL 28, 2008
RE: SOPHIA OF WISDOM HONOR
Jacqueline Lee Kennedy (July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994) was the wife of the 35th president of the United States, John F. Kennedy, and served as First Lady during his presidency from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. She was later married to Greek shipping
magnate Aristotle Onassis from 1968 until his death in 1975. In later years she had a successful career as a book editor. She preferred
her first name to be pronounced in the French manner (IPA: /ʒækˈliːn/). After her marriage to Kennedy she was known as Jacqueline Kennedy or Jackie Kennedy; upon her marriage
to Onassis and thereafter she was known as Jacqueline Onassis, Jackie Onassis, or more informally as Jackie
O. She is still referred to as Jacqueline Kennedy, Jackie Kennedy, Mrs. Jacqueline Lee Kennedy, Jacqueline
Lee Kennedy, and also, Jackie K..
Born Jacqueline Lee Bouvier in Southampton, New York, in a world of wealth and privilege, she was the daughter of Wall Street Stockbroker, John Vernou Bouvier III and his wife Janet Norton Lee. She had a younger sister, Caroline Lee, born in 1933, and later known as Lee Radziwill.
The name "Jacqueline Lee" commemorated both sides of her family — "Jacqueline" celebrating three
generations of "Jacks" on her father's side and "Lee" celebrating the surname of her maternal grandparents. In attempts to
get on the social register both sides of her family were to make exaggerations about their heritage, with Bouviers making claims
they descended from the royal Fontaines in France and the Lees declaring they were part of the "Virginia Lees". She was of mostly Irish, Scottish, and English descent; her French paternal ancestry is distant, with her last French ancestor being Michel Bouvier, a Philadelphia-based cabinetmaker who was her great–grandfather.
Jacqueline spent her early years between New York City and Easthampton, New York at the Bouvier Family estate "Lasata", where she became at a very early age an accomplished equestrienne, a sport that would remain a lifelong
passion. As a child, she also enjoyed drawing, reading, and writing poems.
This idyllic childhood came to an end when her parents divorced in 1940. While her father never remarried,
her mother married her second husband, Standard Oil heir Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr. in 1942, and had two children with him, Janet and James Auchincloss. Jacqueline and her sister Lee then
settled with their mother's new family, dividing their time between their stepfather's two vast estates, "Merrywood" in Mclean, Virginia, and "Hammersmith Farm", in Newport, Rhode Island, with occasional visits to their father in New York City.
Education, introduction to society, and first job
Jacqueline entered Chapin in New York City in 1935 for kindergarten and the early years of grammar school. From 1942 to 1944 she
attended the Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, MD through her first year of high school; she transferred to Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut for the remainder of high school, graduating in 1947. She spent her first two years of college at Vassar in Poughkeepsie, New York, and spent her junior year (1949-1950) in France at the University of Grenoble and The Sorbonne in a program through Smith College. Upon returning home to the United States, she transferred to The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 1951 with a B.A in French Literature.
Jacqueline was named "Debutante of the Year" for the 1947–48 season.
In 1951, she took her first job as the "Inquiring Camera Girl" for The Washington Times-Herald. Her job was to ask witty questions of people she met in Washington, D.C. The questions and
amusing responses would then appear alongside the interviewee's photograph in the newspaper. During that period she was briefly
engaged to a young stockbroker, John Husted, but the engagement was called off after three months.
Kennedy marriage and family
Jacqueline Kennedy at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island on the day of her wedding in 1953.
Jacqueline Bouvier and then Congressman John Kennedy were in the same social circle and attended the
same functions several times but were formally introduced by a mutual friend, journalist Charles Bartlett, at a dinner party on May 8, 1952, Kennedy was at the time busy running for a seat at the Senate. The romance progressed slowly but eventually
led to a proposal. 
They were married on September 12, 1953, at Newport, Rhode Island. The wedding was considered the social event of the season with an estimated 700 guests at the ceremony
and 900 at the lavish reception that followed at Hammersmith Farm. Her wedding dress was created by the African-American designer,
Ann Lowe of New York City. The dress is now housed in the Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts.
After a brief honeymoon, they returned to Washington, DC. Behind all the glamour, however, Jacqueline
found it hard to adjust to the demands of political life and the pressure put on her by the Kennedy family. Her husband had
serious health issues, suffering from Addison's Disease, and from chronic and debilitating back pain from a wartime injury. He underwent two spinal surgeries
which proved almost fatal due to complications. While he was recovering from the surgeries, Jacqueline encouraged him to write
a book, Profiles in Courage, which is about several U.S. senators who had risked their careers to fight for the things in which they believed. The
book was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957.
Jacqueline suffered a miscarriage in 1955, and gave birth to a stillborn baby girl in 1956. All of
this put considerable strain on the marriage and led to a brief separation, but the couple reconciled and moved in a townhouse
on N Street in Georgetown. Jacqueline successfully gave birth to a second daughter, Caroline, in 1957, and to a son, John, in 1960,
both via Caesarean section.
Jacqueline Kennedy campaigning alongside her husband in Appleton, Wisconsin, in March 1960
In January 1960, Senator John Kennedy announced his candidacy for Presidency of the United States,
and began campaigning around the country. Jackie took an active role in the campaign, even speaking to grocery store shoppers
over the PA system in one town. In Appleton, Wisconsin, she signed autographs for junior high school students, commenting
that her signature would be more legible than John's. Campaigning in West Virginia hit Jacqueline the hardest, as she had not witnessed that degree of poverty before. Later, in the White House, when the need for new glassware came up, Jackie suggested that Morgantown Glassware from the impoverished
state supply it.
Shortly after, Jacqueline learned that she was pregnant and due to previous problem pregnancies, her
doctor instructed her to stay at home. From Georgetown, Jacqueline helped her husband by answering thousands of campaign letters,
taping TV commercials, giving interviews both televised and printed and by writing a weekly newspaper column, Campaign Wife, which was
distributed across the country. She was assisted by her personal secretary, Mary Barelli Gallagher.
First Lady of the United States
In the general election on November 8, 1960, John F. Kennedy narrowly beat Republican Richard Nixon in the 1960 presidential election. Two weeks later, Jacqueline gave birth to a son, John, by Caesarean delivery. She toured the White House
shortly after with Mamie Eisenhower walking her around the vast house, but never telling her there was a wheelchair for her use. At age 31, she was one of the youngest First Ladies in history, just behind Frances Folsom Cleveland and Julia Tyler.
She was a stark contrast from her recent predecessors who were all much older. She was not only young
and attractive, but intelligent and cultivated, and possessed an innate sense of style and elegance. Though she was sometimes
criticized for her aloofness, expensive tastes, and European ways, the American public quickly took to her, and made her its
idol. Like any First Lady, she was forced into the public spotlight with everything in her life under scrutiny. While she
did not mind giving interviews or being photographed, she was worried about the effect it would have on her children. Jacqueline
was determined to protect them from the press and give them a normal childhood.
Social success and relations with foreign leaders
Mrs. Kennedy planned numerous social events that brought the First Couple into the nation's cultural
spotlight. She had also invited artists, writers, scientists, poets, and musicians to mingle with politicians, diplomats,
and statesmen. She spoke fluent French. This appreciation for art, music, and culture marked a new chapter in American history.
Jackie's skill at entertaining gave White House events the reputation of being magical. For instance, when she orchestrated
a dinner at Mount Vernon in honor of Pakistan's President Ayub Khan, whom President Kennedy wanted to honor for his role in supporting the U.S. in a recent crisis, she banished
large U-shaped dining tables, replacing them with smaller round tables that seated eight. Her social graces were legendary,
as can be noted from the way she communicated with Charles De Gaulle in Paris and Nikita Khruschev in Vienna. The President's summit in Vienna turned out to be a disaster, but the Premier's enjoyment of Mrs. Kennedy's
company was subsequently deemed one of the few positive outcomes. When Soviet Premier Khrushchev was asked to shake President
Kennedy's hand for a photo, the Communist leader said, "I'd like to shake her hand first."[8
French influence in the Kennedy White House
Due in part to her French ancestry, Jacqueline had always felt a bond with France, which was reinforced
by her education there. This was a love that would later be reflected in many aspects of her life, such as the menus she chose
for White House State Dinners and her taste in clothing and love of ballet. She chose French interior designer Stéphane Boudin of Maison Jansen to consult on the White House Restoration and decoration of the private family quarters on the second
and third floors of the Executive Mansion. Mrs. Kennedy recruited a Vietnamese-born French chef to become White House chef.
White House restoration
The restoration of the White House was Jacqueline Kennedy's first major project. She was dismayed during
her pre-inauguration tour of the White House to find little of historic significance in the house. The rooms were furnished
with undistinguished pieces that she felt lacked a sense of history. Her first efforts, begun her first day in residence (with
the help of society decorator Sister Parish), were to make the family quarters attractive and suitable for family life and included the addition
of a kitchen on the family floor and rooms for her children. Upon almost immediately exhausting the funds appropriated for
this effort, she established a fine arts committee to oversee and fund the restoration process; she also asked early American
furniture expert Henry du Pont to consult.
Her skillful management of this project was hardly noted at the time, except in terms of gossipy shock
at repeated repainting of a room, or the high cost of the antique Zuber wallpaper panels installed in the family dining room
($12,000 in donated funds), but later accounts have noted that she managed the conflicting agendas of Parish, du Pont, and
Boudin with seamless success; she initiated publication of the first White House guidebook, whose sales further funded the
restoration; she initiated a Congressional bill establishing that White House furnishings would be the property of the Smithsonian Institution, rather than available to departing ex-presidents to claim as their own; and she wrote personal requests
to those who owned pieces of historical interest that might be donated to the White House.
On February 14, 1962, Mrs. Kennedy took American television viewers on a tour of the White House with Charles Collingwood of CBS. In the tour she said, "I just feel that everything in the White House should be the best — the
entertainment that's given here. If it's an American company you can help, I like to do that. If not — just as long
as it's the best." Working with Rachel Lambert Mellon, Mrs. Kennedy oversaw redesign and replanting of the White House Rose Garden and the East Garden, which was renamed the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden after her husband's assassination. Jacqueline Kennedy's efforts on behalf of restoration and preservation
at the White House left a lasting legacy in the form of the White House Historical Association, the Committee for the Preservation of the White House which was based upon her White House Furnishings Committee, a permanent Curator of the White House, the White House Endowment Trust, and the White House Acquisition Trust.
Tour of France
Before the Kennedys visited France, a television special was shot in French with Jackie on the White
House lawn. When the First Couple visited France, she'd already won the hearts of the French people, impressing Charles de
Gaulle and the French public with her ability to speak French. At the conclusion of the visit, Time magazine seemed delighted with the First Lady and noted, "There was also that fellow who came with her." Even President
Kennedy joked, "I am the man who accompanied Jacqueline Kennedy to Paris — and I have enjoyed it!"
Tour of India and Pakistan
Pakistani President Ayub Khan and Jacqueline Kennedy with Sardar.
At the urging of John Kenneth Galbraith, President Kennedy's ambassador to India, Mrs. Kennedy undertook a tour of India and Pakistan, taking
her sister Lee Radziwill along with her, which was amply documented in photojournalism of the time as well as in Galbraith's journals
and memoirs. At the time, Ambassador Galbraith noted a considerable disjunction between Mrs Kennedy's widely-noted concern
with clothes and other frivolity and, on personal acquaintance, her considerable intellect.
While in Karachi she found some time to take a ride on a camel with her sister. In Lahore, Pakistani President Ayub Khan presented Mrs. Kennedy with a much-photographed horse, Sardar (the Urdu term meaning ‘leader’). Subsequently this gift was widely misattributed to the king of Saudi Arabia, including in the various recollections of the Kennedy White House years by President Kennedy's friend,
journalist and editor Benjamin Bradlee. It has never become clear whether this general misattribution of the gift was carelessness or a deliberate
effort to deflect attention from the USA's preference for Pakistan over India. While at a reception for herself at Shalimar Gardens, Mrs. Kennedy told guests "all my life I've dreamed of coming to the Shalimar Gardens. It's even lovelier
than I'd dreamed. I only wish my husband could be with me." While in Lahore, she had a friendly chat with Iranian Empress Farah Pahlavi, whom many compared to Mrs. Kennedy.
Death of an infant son
Early in 1963, Jacqueline became pregnant again, and curtailed her official duties. She spent most
of the summer in the Kennedy family's Cape Cod compound at Hyannis Port, where she went into premature labor on August 7, 1963. She gave birth to a baby boy , named Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, via emergency Caesarian section at Otis Air Force Base, five and one-half weeks early. Because his lungs were not fully developed, Patrick could not breathe
and he was air-lifted to Boston Children's Hospital where he was placed in an oxygen-rich, pressurized room. He died of Hyaline Membrane disease (now known
as Respiratory Distress Syndrome) on August 9, 1963. The couple was devastated by the loss of their infant son, and that tragedy brought them closer together
than ever before.
Shortly after, Jacqueline, still despondent at the loss of Patrick, received an invitation, through
her sister Lee, to a Mediterranean cruise aboard Aristotle Onassis's luxury yacht. Despite concerns of the President's entourage over possible bad publicity it might bring,
Jacqueline and her sister went on the cruise along with Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. and his wife. Upon her return, feeling
reinvigorated, she made her first public appearance at the White House in the middle of November 1963 and decided to accompany
her husband on an official pre re-election campaign visit to Texas.
Assassination and funeral of John F. Kennedy
On November 21, 1963 they left Andrews Air Force Base, first stopped in San Antonio, and then went to Houston where they toured NASA facilities. Their last stop that day was in Ft. Worth. After a breakfast the next day, November 22, with the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce at The Hotel Texas, President and Mrs. Kennedy flew to Dallas's
Love Field. A short motorcade was to take them to the Trademart where he was scheduled to speak. Jackie was seated next to her husband
in the limousine when he was shot and mortally wounded in Dealey Plaza. Vice President Johnson and his wife followed in another car in the motorcade. After the President was
hit, Jacqueline climbed out of the back seat and crawled toward the Secret Service agent who was at the back. After his death
she refused to remove her blood-stained clothing, and regretted having washed the blood off of her face and hands. She continued
to wear the famous stained pink suit as she stood next to Johnson on board the plane when he took the oath of office as President.
She told Lady Bird Johnson, "I want them to see what they have done to Jack".
Jacqueline Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, John Jr., Caroline, and Peter Lawford depart the U.S. Capitol
after a lying-in-state ceremony for John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 24 November 1963
Jacqueline took an active role in planning the details of the state funeral for her husband including
the riderless horse and Lincoln catafalque on which his coffin rested in the Capitol rotunda. She led the nation in mourning as the President lay
in repose at the White House and then lay in state in the Capitol. The funeral service was held for the President at St. Matthew's Cathedral. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery and Jackie was the first to light the eternal flame at the grave site, which had been created at her
request. Lady Jean Campbell reported back to The London Evening Standard: "Jacqueline Kennedy has given the American people… one thing they have always lacked: Majesty."
Following the assassination, she stepped back from official public view. She was spared the ordeal
of appearing at the trial of Lee Harvey Oswald, due to his murder while in police custody on November 24, 1963. She did, however, make a brief appearance in Washington to honor the Secret Service agent, Clint Hill, who had climbed aboard the limousine in Dallas to try to shield her and the President.
Life following the assassination
A week after the assassination, the President's widow was interviewed in Hyannisport on November 29 by Theodore H. White of Life magazine. In that session, she compared the Kennedy years in the White House to King Arthur's mythical Camelot, commenting that the President often played the title song of Lerner and Loewe's musical recording before retiring to bed. She also quoted Queen Guinevere from the musical, trying to express how the loss felt. "Now he is a legend when he would have preferred
to be a man."
The steadiness and courage of Jacqueline Kennedy during the assassination and funeral won her admiration
around the world. Following his death, Jackie and her children remained in their quarters in the White House for two weeks,
preparing to vacate. Johnson made several phone calls that were recorded via Dictabelt from the Oval Office to Jackie in the
residence; the two also shared several letters and notes back and forth through messengers after the assassination. In the
first call on December 2, 1963, she told him that she knew how rare it was to have something in a President's handwriting and that she
now had more in his handwriting than she did in John's. The President encouraged her to come and visit with him to spend time
After spending the winter of 1964 in Averill Harriman's home in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C., Jackie decided to purchase a luxury apartment at
1040 Fifth Avenue in New York in the hope of having more privacy for her children. She sold the home she had built in Atoka,
Virginia, where she had intended to retire with her husband. She spent a year in mourning, making no public appearances, then
zealously guarded her privacy. During this time, her daughter Caroline told her school teacher that her mother cried frequently.
She perpetuated her husband's memory by visiting his grave site on important anniversaries and attending
selected memorial dedications. These included the 1967 christening of the Navy aircraft carrier named USS John F. Kennedy (decommissioned in 2007), in Newport News, Virginia, and a memorial in Hyannisport, Massachusetts. In May 1965, Jacqueline Kennedy and Queen Elizabeth II jointly dedicated the United Kingdom's official memorial to President Kennedy at Runnymede, England. This memorial included several acres of soil given in perpetuity from the United Kingdom to the United
States of America on the meadow where the Magna Carta had been signed by King John in 1215. She also visited Ireland in 1967 to officially open a special park, dedicated to the late President, located near New Ross, where her husband's ancestors came from.
She oversaw plans for the establishment of the John F. Kennedy Library, which is the repository for official papers of the Kennedy Administration. Original plans to have the
library situated in Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Harvard University, proved problematic for various reasons, so it is situated in Boston. The finished library, designed
by I.M. Pei, includes a museum and was dedicated in Boston in 1979 by President Jimmy Carter, nearly 16 years after the assassination. The governments of many nations donated money to erect the
library, in addition to corporate and private donations.
On October 20, 1968, Jacqueline Kennedy married Aristotle Onassis, a Greek shipping tycoon, on Skorpios, Greece. Following this, her legal name was changed to Jacqueline Onassis. Four and a half months earlier her
brother-in-law, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, had been assassinated in Los Angeles. At that point, Jacqueline feared that the Kennedys were being "targeted", and that she and her children
had to leave the United States. Marriage to Onassis appeared to make sense: he had the money and power to give her the protection she
needed, while she had the social cachet he craved. He allegedly ended his affair with opera diva Maria Callas to marry her. Jacqueline gave up Secret Service protection and franking privilege, to which a widow of a president of the United States is entitled, after her marriage to Onassis.
For a time, the marriage brought her adverse publicity and seemed to tarnish the image of the grieving
presidential widow. However, others viewed the marriage as a positive symbol of the "modern American woman" who would not
be afraid to look after her own financial interests and to protect her family. The marriage initially seemed successful, but
stresses soon became apparent. The couple rarely spent time together. Though Onassis got along with Caroline and John, Jr.
(his son Alexander introduced John to flying; coincidentally, both would die in plane crashes), Jacqueline did not get along
with stepdaughter Christina Onassis. She spent most of her time traveling and shopping.
In the 1970s, the First Lady's sister Lee Radziwill discussed creating a documentary with Albert and David Maysles about Jacqueline's girlhood in the East Hampton section of Long Island. At about the same time, Jackie's aunt on her father's side Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale "Big Edie" and her daughter "Little Edie" received unwanted national attention when the National Enquirer ran an expose on the deplorable conditions of their East Hampton mansion, Grey Gardens. The Suffolk County Board of Health made a raid ordering them to clean up the property which was falling into disrepair and
was being overrun with feral cats. Jacqueline donated $32,000 to clean the house and install a new furnace and plumbing system
and cart away 1,000 bags of garbage. The Maysles interviewed the Edies and showed the footage of Radziwill who confiscated
the film. The Maysles changed the focus of their documentary to be the Edies instead of the First Lady, and it has become the
cult documentary Grey Gardens.
Jacqueline was with her children in New York when Onassis died in 1975. Her legacy was severely limited
by a rumored prenuptial agreement and by legislation that Onassis had allegedly persuaded the Greek government to approve, which limited
how much a non-Greek surviving spouse could inherit. Jacqueline eventually accepted Christina's offer of $26,000,000, waiving
all other claims to the Onassis estate.
Life and career in New York
Jackie Kennedy's Official White House Portrait
Onassis's death in 1975 made Jaqueline, then 46, a widow for the second time. Now that her children
were older, she decided to find work that would be fulfilling to her. Since she had always enjoyed writing and literature,
Jacqueline accepted a job offer as an editor at Viking Press and then, in 1978, moved to Doubleday as an associate editor under an old friend, John Sargent, living in New York City, Martha's Vineyard and the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis, Massachusetts. From the mid 1970s until her death, her companion was Maurice Tempelsman, a Belgian-born industrialist and diamond merchant who was long separated from his wife. 
She also continued to be the subject of much press attention, most notoriously involving the
photographer Ron Galella. He followed her around and photographed her as she went about her day-to-day activities, obtaining
candid, iconic photos of her.  She ultimately obtained a restraining order against him and the situation brought attention to paparazzi-style photography. 
Among the many books she edited was Larry Gonick's The Cartoon History of the Universe. He expressed his gratitude in the acknowledgments in Volume 2. Jacqueline Kennedy's continuing
charisma is indicated by the delight the Canadian author Robertson Davies took in discovering that at a commencement exercise at an American university at which he was
being honored, Jacqueline Kennedy was on hand, circulating among the honorees. On the other hand, her efforts on behalf of
Doubleday to enlist Frank Sinatra, the Duchess of Windsor and not surprisingly Queen Elizabeth II as Doubleday authors were firmly rebuffed.
Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in 1986 during a visit from the President and
First Lady, Ronald and Nancy Reagan
Jacqueline Kennedy also appreciated the contributions of African-American writers to the American
literary canon and encouraged Dorothy West, her neighbor on Martha's Vineyard and the last surviving member of the Harlem Renaissance, to complete The Wedding: a multi-generational story about race, class, wealth, and power
in the United States. The novel received great literary acclaim when it was published by Doubleday in 1995 and Oprah Winfrey introduced the story in 1998 to millions of Americans via a television film of the same name starring
Halle Berry. Dorothy West acknowledged Jacqueline Onassis's kind encouragement in the foreword.
She also worked to preserve and protect America’s cultural heritage. The notable results
of her hard work include Lafayette Square in Washington, D.C, and Grand Central Terminal, New York's beloved historic railroad station. While she was First Lady, she helped to stop the destruction
of historic homes in Lafayette Square, because she knew that these buildings were an important part of the nation’s
capital and played an essential role in its history. Later, in New York City, she led a historic preservation campaign to
save and renovate Grand Central Terminal from demolition. A plaque inside the terminal acknowledges her prominent role in
its preservation. In the 1980s, she was a major figure in protests against a planned skyscraper at Columbus Circle which would have cast large shadows on Central Park, the project was cancelled, but a large twin towered skyscraper would later fill in that spot
in 2003, the Time Warner Center.
From her apartment windows in New York she had a splendid view of a glass enclosed wing of the
Metropolitan Museum of Art which displays the Temple of Dendur. This was a gift from Egypt to the United States in gratitude for the generosity of the Kennedy
administration, who had been instrumental in saving several temples and objects of Egyptian antiquity that would otherwise
have been flooded after the construction of the Aswan Dam.
In January 1994, Kennedy was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a form of cancer. Her diagnosis was announced to the public in February. The family was initially optimistic, and
she stopped smoking at the insistence of her daughter. Kennedy continued her work with Doubleday, but curtailed her schedule.
By April 1994, the cancer had spread, and she made her last trip home from New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center on May 18, 1994. A large crowd of well-wishers, tourists, and reporters gathered on the street outside her penthouse
apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue, and she died in her sleep at 10:15 pm on Thursday, May 19, at the age of 64. Her son said, in announcing her death to the world, "My mother died surrounded
by her friends and her family and her books, and the people and the things that she loved. She did it in her own way, and
on her own terms, and we all feel lucky for that."
Jacqueline Kennedy's funeral was held on May 23 at Saint Ignatius Loyola Roman Catholic Church at Park Avenue and East 84th Street in Manhattan, which was the same church
where she was baptized in 1929. As a concession to a grieving world, audio of her private funeral, along with a special television
broadcast, was broadcast around the world. At her funeral, her son, John, described three of her attributes as the love of
words, the bonds of home and family, and her spirit of adventure. She was then buried next to President John F. Kennedy, and
near their son Patrick and daughter Arabella at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. The New York Daily News ran an issue the next day saying, "Missing Her".
Jacqueline Kennedy was a fashion icon while in the spotlight as First Lady and thereafter.
Her clean suits, dresses and hairstyles were admired and copied by many. She enjoyed French designers such as Chanel, Givenchy, and Christian Dior. She also popularized American designers such as Lilly Pulitzer and Oleg Cassini while wearing their clothes as First Lady. Additionally, she always wore a Cartier Tank watch. Today, Jackie's impeccable style is still remembered, and she is thought of as the most stylish of the First Ladies.
Legacy, memorials, and honors
The companion book for a series of interviews between mythologist Joseph Campbell and Bill Moyers, The Power of Myth, was created under the direction of Kennedy, prior to her death. The book's editor, Betty Sue Flowers, writes in the Editor's Note to The Power of Myth: "I am grateful… to Jacqueline
Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, the Doubleday editor, whose interest in the books of Joseph Campbell was the prime mover in the publication
of this book." A year after her death in 1994, Moyers dedicated the companion book for his PBS series, The Language of Life to Kennedy. The dedication read: To Jacqueline Onassis. As you sail on to Ithaka. Ithaka was a reference to the C.P. Cavafy poem that Maurice Tempelsman read at her funeral.
Like her assassinated husband, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy's legacy has been memorialized
in various aspects of American and, to a later extent, non-American culture. They include:
Joggers run around this reservoir in the northern portion of New York's Central Park
- Central Park's main reservoir was renamed in her honor as the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir.
- On the campus of her alma mater George Washington University, the residence hall located on the southeast corner of I and 23rd streets NW in Washington, D.C.
was renamed Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Hall .
- Near the White House, a garden was renamed the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden in her honor, shortly after the assassination of her husband.
- In 2007, her name, along with her assassinated husband's, is being included on the list onboard
the Japanese Kaguya mission to the moon launched on September 14, as part of The Planetary Society's "Wish Upon The Moon" campaign. In addition, they are included on the list onboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission.
- There is an award and a school at American Ballet Theatre named after her, in honor of her
childhood study of ballet.
An American icon from the 1960s and beyond, Jacqueline Lee Kennedy is frequently alluded to
and depicted in various forms of popular culture, including films, television series, cartoon series, computer and video games and music. Numerous books and plays have been written about her, as she remains symbolic of 20th century
SEE LINK FOR FIRST LADY JACQUELINE B. KENNEDY http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacqueline_Kennedy
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